Liberal Arts Management Courses

See the list below to view courses offered through these programs of study. Specific course offerings, including selected topics course titles and descriptions, can be viewed for fall, spring and summer terms.

Liberal Arts encompasses a broad range of courses. This listing represents courses that are not applied toward other SPCS majors, but individual degree requirements determine whether a specific class will count toward a degree or certificate.

  • ACCT300U Survey of Accounting Principles
    Description

    Analytical and interpretative approach to the study of financial and managerial accounting. Emphasizes effects of transactions on financial statements; interrelationships among financial statements; use of financial statements, cost accounting, and budgets for decision-making.

  • ACCT301U Fundamentals of Financial Accounting
    Description

    Basic theory, concepts, and procedures necessary to develop and interpret publicly reported financial accounting data.

  • ACCT302U Fundamentals of Managerial Accounting
    Description

    Basic theory, concepts, and procedures necessary to develop and interpret managerial accounting data, including cost and budget information, and capital project evaluations, for managerial decision-making.

    Prerequisites

    ACCT 300U or ACCT 301U recommended.

  • ACCT398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Basic theory, concepts, and procedures necessary to develop and interpret managerial accounting data, including cost and budget information, and capital project evaluations, for managerial decision-making.

  • ACCT399U Independent Study
  • ADED200U Experiential Learning and Portfolio Preparation
    Description

    Exploration of experiential learning, portfolio assessment and other alternative methods of earning college credit. Students gain confidence in critical thinking, organizing, and writing and a clearer sense of educational goals. In preparation for submitting a portfolio, students learn how to identify and assess learning that has occurred outside of the classroom, develop a narrative, and document their learning. This class is required for students planning to request credit by portfolio assessment.

  • ADED201U Portfolio Submission/Assessment
    Description

    For students who wish to seek credit for prior learning through the Portfolio program.

    Prerequisites

    ADED 200U

  • ADED300U Knowledge Management - Methods of Learning and Thinking
    Description

    Exploring techniques of learning and developing access skills and opportunities for critical thinking.

  • ADED301U Knowledge Management: Seminar Across the Disciplines I
    Description

    ADED 301U develops advanced reading, writing, and research techniques, using a variety of disciplinary approaches. It will require students to read a range of primary and scholarly texts related to the content of the course, synthesizing them in assignments of varying medium, length, and purpose. It will also require them to locate, evaluate, and incorporate a wide range of research sources. Explicit writing instruction will be central to the course.

    Prerequisites

    ENGL 202U with a grade of 'C' or better.

  • ADED302U Knowledge Management: Seminar Across the Disciplines II
    Description

    ADED 302U builds upon the skills developed in ADED 301U, culminating with a significant research project. It will require students to read a range of primary and scholarly texts related to the content of the course, synthesizing them in assignments of varying medium, length, and purpose - including a research-driven essay and presentation. Explicit research instruction will be central to the course.

    Prerequisites

    Completion of ADED 301U with a grade of 'C' or better.

  • ADED398U Selected Topics
    Description

    ADED 302U builds upon the skills developed in ADED 301U, culminating with a significant research project. It will require students to read a range of primary and scholarly texts related to the content of the course, synthesizing them in assignments of varying medium, length, and purpose - including a research-driven essay and presentation. Explicit research instruction will be central to the course.

  • ADED399U Independent Study
  • ADED598U Selected Topics
  • ADED599U Independent Study
  • ANTH315U Introduction to Physical Anthropology
    Description

    Combines research and data from biological and social sciences. Primarily concerned with human beings as biological entities and the relationship between human biology and culture. In addition to basic evolutionary theory and principles of biological inheritance, topics include hominid evolution, primate studies, biological and cultural adaptation to new and/or changing environments, and forensic anthropology. Current issues include cloning, DNA manipulation, Out of Africa vs. Multi-evolution theories, race as a cultural, non-biological construction.

  • ANTH398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Combines research and data from biological and social sciences. Primarily concerned with human beings as biological entities and the relationship between human biology and culture. In addition to basic evolutionary theory and principles of biological inheritance, topics include hominid evolution, primate studies, biological and cultural adaptation to new and/or changing environments, and forensic anthropology. Current issues include cloning, DNA manipulation, Out of Africa vs. Multi-evolution theories, race as a cultural, non-biological construction.

  • ANTH399U Independent Study
    Description

    Combines research and data from biological and social sciences. Primarily concerned with human beings as biological entities and the relationship between human biology and culture. In addition to basic evolutionary theory and principles of biological inheritance, topics include hominid evolution, primate studies, biological and cultural adaptation to new and/or changing environments, and forensic anthropology. Current issues include cloning, DNA manipulation, Out of Africa vs. Multi-evolution theories, race as a cultural, non-biological construction.

  • ANTH598U Selected Topics
    Description

    Combines research and data from biological and social sciences. Primarily concerned with human beings as biological entities and the relationship between human biology and culture. In addition to basic evolutionary theory and principles of biological inheritance, topics include hominid evolution, primate studies, biological and cultural adaptation to new and/or changing environments, and forensic anthropology. Current issues include cloning, DNA manipulation, Out of Africa vs. Multi-evolution theories, race as a cultural, non-biological construction.

  • ANTH599U Independent Study
    Description

    Combines research and data from biological and social sciences. Primarily concerned with human beings as biological entities and the relationship between human biology and culture. In addition to basic evolutionary theory and principles of biological inheritance, topics include hominid evolution, primate studies, biological and cultural adaptation to new and/or changing environments, and forensic anthropology. Current issues include cloning, DNA manipulation, Out of Africa vs. Multi-evolution theories, race as a cultural, non-biological construction.

  • ARCH398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Combines research and data from biological and social sciences. Primarily concerned with human beings as biological entities and the relationship between human biology and culture. In addition to basic evolutionary theory and principles of biological inheritance, topics include hominid evolution, primate studies, biological and cultural adaptation to new and/or changing environments, and forensic anthropology. Current issues include cloning, DNA manipulation, Out of Africa vs. Multi-evolution theories, race as a cultural, non-biological construction.

  • ARCH399U Independent Study
  • ART208U Techniques and Aesthetics of Photography
    Description

    Hands-on explanation of technical process involved with black and white photography from exposure to finished print with detailed instruction of processing and printing, classroom critique of students' and other professional work, and introduction to different types of photography. Students encouraged to express desires, emotions, and intentions visually through photographic medium.

  • ART209U Photography as Art
    Description

    Basic black and white darkroom techniques emphasizing development of aesthetic sensibilities. History of photography through exposure to work of past and contemporary photographers.

  • ART212U Art Appreciation
    Description

    Introduction to the arts, designed to broaden students' background.

  • ART300U Color Photography
    Description

    Introduction to technical considerations and development of artistic expression with color materials. Student work discussed in context of larger aesthetic history of color photography. Focus placed on new media and electronic darkroom.

  • ART301U Introduction to Photoshop
    Description

    An introduction to using Photoshop as a digital darkroom and a powerful means of processing images using digital and traditional photography. Topics will include navigation and tools, selections and layer masks, history palette and history brush, file formats, color correction, digital zone system, and image resolution.

  • ART315U Art of the Renaissance
    Description

    Italian and Northern Renaissance Art.

  • ART329U Americans on the Move
    Description

    Course examines the patterns, meanings, causes and effects of migrations to and within America from the 17th century to the present. Among the topics covered are the 17th century European incursions into North America, the first westward movement in and from the Virginia colony, slavery and the Middle Passage, the great movement west following the Lewis and Clark expedition, the 'Trail of Tears,' the 'Great Migration' of African-Americans after the Civil War and in the 20th century, the displacement of Americans during the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression, the forced migration of Japanese Americans from their west coast homes during World War II, and the more recent movement of Americans to Sunbelt states, and as the result of natural disasters. The inspiration or other emotional impact of the arts -- plastic, literary, and performing -- on immigration and migration is an integral part of the course.

  • ART347U The Age of Jefferson
    Description

    Comprehensive study of life and times of Thomas Jefferson including historical perspective of him as statesman, politician, and writer as well as study of him as architect and planner. Includes field trips to Monticello, University of Virginia, and Virginia State Capitol.

  • ART398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Comprehensive study of life and times of Thomas Jefferson including historical perspective of him as statesman, politician, and writer as well as study of him as architect and planner. Includes field trips to Monticello, University of Virginia, and Virginia State Capitol.

  • ART399U Independent Study
  • ART518U The Gilded Age
    Description

    The Gilded Age in American history was the modern United States' formative period. It was an exciting, exuberant, innovative, progressive, glittering era in which America was in the process of becoming a world power. But the Gilded Age was also an era of greed, guile, corruption, poverty, and inequality. Learn about the rise of America to global status, about the American artists of the period and their work, about the nation¿s urbanization and industrialization, about the new American millionaires, and about why Mark Twain called the era "gilded" rather than "golden."

  • ART529U Americans on the Move
    Description

    Course examines the patterns, meanings, causes and effects of migrations to and within America from the 17th century to the present. Among the topics covered are the 17th century European incursions into North America, the first westward movement in and from the Virginia colony, slavery and the Middle Passage, the great movement west following the Lewis and Clark expedition, the 'Trail of Tears,' the 'Great Migration' of African-Americans after the Civil War and in the 20th century, the displacement of Americans during the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression, the forced migration of Japanese Americans from their west coast homes during World War II, and the more recent movement of Americans to Sunbelt states, and as the result of natural disasters. The inspiration or other emotional impact of the arts -- plastic, literary, and performing -- on immigration and migration is an integral part of the course.

  • ART598U Selected Topics
    Description

    Course examines the patterns, meanings, causes and effects of migrations to and within America from the 17th century to the present. Among the topics covered are the 17th century European incursions into North America, the first westward movement in and from the Virginia colony, slavery and the Middle Passage, the great movement west following the Lewis and Clark expedition, the 'Trail of Tears,' the 'Great Migration' of African-Americans after the Civil War and in the 20th century, the displacement of Americans during the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression, the forced migration of Japanese Americans from their west coast homes during World War II, and the more recent movement of Americans to Sunbelt states, and as the result of natural disasters. The inspiration or other emotional impact of the arts -- plastic, literary, and performing -- on immigration and migration is an integral part of the course.

  • ART599U Independent Study
    Description

    Course examines the patterns, meanings, causes and effects of migrations to and within America from the 17th century to the present. Among the topics covered are the 17th century European incursions into North America, the first westward movement in and from the Virginia colony, slavery and the Middle Passage, the great movement west following the Lewis and Clark expedition, the 'Trail of Tears,' the 'Great Migration' of African-Americans after the Civil War and in the 20th century, the displacement of Americans during the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression, the forced migration of Japanese Americans from their west coast homes during World War II, and the more recent movement of Americans to Sunbelt states, and as the result of natural disasters. The inspiration or other emotional impact of the arts -- plastic, literary, and performing -- on immigration and migration is an integral part of the course.

  • ARTS105U Art for Non-Majors: Introduction to Drawing
    Description

    An introduction to drawing materials and techniques; the basics of two-dimensional design, including a brief introduction to color theory. The semester will culminate in the execution of a three-dimensional work of art. No previous experience will be assumed; a hands-on, lab-style course.

  • ARTS115U Art for Non-Majors: Introduction to Painting
    Description

    Students will explore the traditional use of oil paints and techniques through both still life and abstract painting assignments. Lectures on art history, technical demonstrations. Some previous drawing experience is suggested; it is not required.

  • ARTS126U Drawing Materials and Techniques
    Description

    Introduction for both beginners and more advanced students to explore a wide variety of drawing materials and techniques. The materials introduced will include graphite, charcoal, pastels, ink, conte, and silverpoint. Techniques covered will be hatching and cross-hatching, stippling, additive and subtractive drawing, working with washes, monoprinting and more. Students will work representationally for the majority of the semester. The objective is for students to explore a wide range of drawing possibilities as a means of expressing themselves visually.

  • ARTS127U Watercolors
    Description

    Exploration of the use of traditional and experimental watercolor painting techniques. Landscape, still life, and architecture will serve as the subjects of the students' paintings. Students will also work on abstract and non-objective projects. Previous painting and drawing experience is not required. Effort and attendance are essential to the student¿s success.

  • ARTS198U Selected Topics
    Description

    Exploration of the use of traditional and experimental watercolor painting techniques. Landscape, still life, and architecture will serve as the subjects of the students' paintings. Students will also work on abstract and non-objective projects. Previous painting and drawing experience is not required. Effort and attendance are essential to the student¿s success.

  • ARTS305U Digital Photography
    Description

    This course is designed as an introduction to creative digital photography as a fine art. Students will learn the basics of camera controls, exposure, lighting, and composition. The class will participate in discussions on the concept of a digital aesthetic. The software program Adobe Photoshop will be used as a digital darkroom preparing images to print. Topics will include digital adjustments and output along with digital printing. The genres of portraiture, nature, action, and landscape will be explored through hands-on assignments. A digital camera with manual adjustments for exposure is required.

  • ARTS399U Independent Study
  • BIOL221U Environmental Biology
    Description

    Humankind's position in and influence on ecosystems of world viewed biologically and physically.

  • BIOL280U Human Anatomy with Lab
    Description

    Survey of basic human anatomy, with an emphasis on the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and nervous systems.

    Prerequisites

    Departmental approval

  • BIOL301U Environmental Ethics
    Description

    Examination of complexities of environmental relationships and issues including scientific knowledge, economic, political, social, and moral values within the U.S. and between countries of the world. Will explore alternative solutions to environmental problems from multiple perspectives through various value/moral systems.

  • BIOL302U Global Sustainability
    Description

    Global Sustainability examines the twenty-five global issues that the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development has identified as the most critical global social, economic and environmental challenges that are driving global change. Having gained an understanding of these forces and how societies can adapt to become more sustainable, students learn how to develop approaches to address the challenges.

  • BIOL398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Global Sustainability examines the twenty-five global issues that the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development has identified as the most critical global social, economic and environmental challenges that are driving global change. Having gained an understanding of these forces and how societies can adapt to become more sustainable, students learn how to develop approaches to address the challenges.

  • BIOL399U Independent Study
    Description

    Global Sustainability examines the twenty-five global issues that the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development has identified as the most critical global social, economic and environmental challenges that are driving global change. Having gained an understanding of these forces and how societies can adapt to become more sustainable, students learn how to develop approaches to address the challenges.

  • BIOL502U Global Sustainability
    Description

    Global Sustainability examines the twenty-five global issues that the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development has identified as the most critical global social, economic and environmental challenges that are driving global change. Having gained an understanding of these forces and how societies can adapt to become more sustainable, students learn how to develop approaches to address the challenges.

  • BIOL598U Selected Topics
    Description

    Global Sustainability examines the twenty-five global issues that the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development has identified as the most critical global social, economic and environmental challenges that are driving global change. Having gained an understanding of these forces and how societies can adapt to become more sustainable, students learn how to develop approaches to address the challenges.

  • BIOL599U Independent Study
    Description

    Global Sustainability examines the twenty-five global issues that the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development has identified as the most critical global social, economic and environmental challenges that are driving global change. Having gained an understanding of these forces and how societies can adapt to become more sustainable, students learn how to develop approaches to address the challenges.

  • CLAC250U Spanish: Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum
    Description

    Students will be guided in their study and discussion of authentic Spanish materials relevant to materials in the primary course.

    Prerequisites

    Proficiency in Spanish or permission of instructor and registration in the course to which the CLAC section is connected or having taken the primary course in the past. Some exceptions might be made.

  • CLAC550U Spanish: Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum
    Description

    Students will be guided in their study and discussion of authentic Spanish materials relevant to materials in the primary course.

    Prerequisites

    Proficiency in Spanish or permission of instructor and registration in the course to which the CLAC section is connected or having taken the primary course in the past. Some exceptions might be made.

  • ECON201U Microeconomics
    Description

    Study of supply and demand, market structure, production, market failure (e.g., pollution), and benefits and costs of government intervention.

  • ECON202U Macroeconomics
    Description

    Study of inflation, unemployment, GDP determination, money supply, balance of payments, currency markets, role of fiscal and monetary policies.

  • ECON285U Teacher Summer Economics Institute
    Description

    Survey course designed to introduce classroom educators to the field of economics and economic thought. Introduction to both micro and macro principles, and the economic way of thinking. Topics include discussions on scarcity, supply and demand, economic growth, specialization and economic cooperation, interdependence and trade, employment and unemployment, prices, inflation and deflation, competitiveness and productivity, money and banking, and monetary policy. Instruction will also include hands-on sessions to allow participants to learn how to integrate economics into their classroom instruction.

  • ECON377U Principles of Economics
    Description

    A survey course which introduces students to the general economic principles that guide the nation's economy and influences HRM. Topics will include such things as inflation, exchange rates, consumer price index, and supply and demand. Focus will be placed on how economic variables influence such things as supply of labor, compensation, recruitment, and retention.

  • ECON398U Selected Topics
    Description

    A survey course which introduces students to the general economic principles that guide the nation's economy and influences HRM. Topics will include such things as inflation, exchange rates, consumer price index, and supply and demand. Focus will be placed on how economic variables influence such things as supply of labor, compensation, recruitment, and retention.

  • ECON399U Independent Study
    Description

    A survey course which introduces students to the general economic principles that guide the nation's economy and influences HRM. Topics will include such things as inflation, exchange rates, consumer price index, and supply and demand. Focus will be placed on how economic variables influence such things as supply of labor, compensation, recruitment, and retention.

  • ECON507U Labor Economics
    Description

    A survey course that introduces students to the general economic principles that guide the nation's economy and influences HRM. Topics will include such things as inflation, exchange rates, consumer price index, and supply and demand. Focus will placed on how economic variables influence such things as supply of labor, compensation, recruitment, and retention.

  • ECON598U Selected Topics
    Description

    A survey course that introduces students to the general economic principles that guide the nation's economy and influences HRM. Topics will include such things as inflation, exchange rates, consumer price index, and supply and demand. Focus will placed on how economic variables influence such things as supply of labor, compensation, recruitment, and retention.

  • ECON599U Independent Study
    Description

    A survey course that introduces students to the general economic principles that guide the nation's economy and influences HRM. Topics will include such things as inflation, exchange rates, consumer price index, and supply and demand. Focus will placed on how economic variables influence such things as supply of labor, compensation, recruitment, and retention.

  • ENGL101U Strategic Reading and Writing
    Description

    This course focuses on critical reading and writing, providing instruction in grammar and mechanics, organizational and paragraph development skills, rhetorical techniques, and basic research. It will provide a collaborative environment in which students will employ a range of comprehension strategies to a variety of assigned texts, and it will encourage students to approach writing as a process by requiring prewriting, editing, and revision. It will also introduce basic research skills.

  • ENGL201U Critical Writing and Research I
    Description

    This course focuses on academic writing, critical reading, and research. Throughout the semester, it will require students to write on a range of topics for a variety of purposes and audiences, emphasizing writing as a process. It will also introduce a broad array of texts that are intended to improve students' critical reading skills. Finally, it will include training in research and proper methods of documentation.

    Prerequisites

    Satisfactory ACCUPLACER score or completion of ENGL 101U with a grade of 'C' or better.

  • ENGL202U Critical Writing and Research II
    Description

    This course focuses on academic writing, critical reading, and research, building on the skills developed in ENGL 201U. Throughout the semester, it will require students to write essays of varying length and purpose, culminating in a research-driven persuasive essay. It will also introduce a broad array of cultural texts that are intended to improve students' critical reading and analytical skills. Finally, it will include additional training in research and documentation.

    Prerequisites

    Completion of ENGL 201U with a grade of 'C' or better.

  • ENGL331U Twentieth-Century American Literature
    Description

    Development of literary form and thought from American experience.

    Prerequisites

    ADED 301U

  • ENGL340U Black Women Writers
    Description

    Exploration of literary careers of Zora Neale Hurston, Alice Walker and Toni Morrison.

    Prerequisites

    ADED 301U

  • ENGL344U Major Themes in Literature
    Description

    Study of fiction, poetry and drama with emphasis on basic literary themes of innocence and experiences, conformity and rebellion, love and hate, and presence of death.

    Prerequisites

    ADED 301U

  • ENGL349U Tracking Contemporary Trickster
    Description

    Examines archetypal tricksters in literature, mythology, and cultural history in an effort to identify contemporary tricksters. Begins study with Hermes, Eshu, Coyote and more, then shifts to identifying potential contemporary tricksters from across the globe. Analysis of old media, like texts and the oral tradition, and new media, like film and social media, fleshes out characteristics of the trickster archetype as it applies to the modern age.

    Prerequisites

    ADED 301U

  • ENGL354U The Global Short Story
    Description

    Covers the short story in a global context, examining the ways authors from a variety of eras and cultures have approached short fiction. From the dark romanticism of Hawthorne to the magical realism of Marquez - and many stops in between - the course features works with a broad range of themes, styles, and techniques, all to demonstrate the ways that short fiction has been a unique laboratory for literary experimentation and innovation. The course places an emphasis on class discussion.

    Prerequisites

    ADED 301U

  • ENGL368U Creative Writing: Fiction
    Prerequisites

    ADED 301U

  • ENGL398U Selected Topics
    Prerequisites

    ADED 301U

  • ENGL399U Independent Study
    Prerequisites

    BALA students: ADED 301U; BLA students: ENGL 203U.

  • ENGL554U The Global Short Story
    Description

    Covers the short story in a global context, examining the ways authors from a variety of eras and cultures have approached short fiction. From the dark romanticism of Hawthorne to the magical realism of Marquez - and many stops in between - the course features works with a broad range of themes, styles, and techniques, all to demonstrate the ways that short fiction has been a unique laboratory for literary experimentation and innovation. The course places an emphasis on class discussion.

  • ENGL598U Selected Topics
    Description

    Covers the short story in a global context, examining the ways authors from a variety of eras and cultures have approached short fiction. From the dark romanticism of Hawthorne to the magical realism of Marquez - and many stops in between - the course features works with a broad range of themes, styles, and techniques, all to demonstrate the ways that short fiction has been a unique laboratory for literary experimentation and innovation. The course places an emphasis on class discussion.

  • ENGL599U Independent Study
    Description

    Covers the short story in a global context, examining the ways authors from a variety of eras and cultures have approached short fiction. From the dark romanticism of Hawthorne to the magical realism of Marquez - and many stops in between - the course features works with a broad range of themes, styles, and techniques, all to demonstrate the ways that short fiction has been a unique laboratory for literary experimentation and innovation. The course places an emphasis on class discussion.

  • FIN360U Financial Management
    Description

    The foundations and tools of finance, including examination of financial markets, investments, and financial management in large corporations, small businesses, and personal financial planning.

    Prerequisites

    MATH 103U or higher, and ACCT 301U or equivalent preparation in financial accounting are required. Statistics course also recommended; may be taken concurrently.

  • FIN398U Selected Topics
    Description

    The foundations and tools of finance, including examination of financial markets, investments, and financial management in large corporations, small businesses, and personal financial planning.

  • FIN399U Independent Study
    Description

    The foundations and tools of finance, including examination of financial markets, investments, and financial management in large corporations, small businesses, and personal financial planning.

  • GEOG201U World Geography
    Description

    Study of world by regions, with emphasis on cultural differences among nations.

  • GEOG202U Introduction to Geo-Politics
    Description

    Current and emerging issues at the confluence of geography and international relations are examined. Emphasis on areas in transition or which pose a threat to global peace. Issues covered are globalization, terrorism, fundamentalism, multi-lateral organizations, modern warfare, economic development, and cultural and ethnic conflict.

  • GEOG215U Urban Geography
    Description

    Global pattern of increased urbanization and the features and structure of selected major cities are examined. Contrasts differences between cities in richer vs. poorer countries. Issues may include: overcrowding, slums and urban poverty, mass transportation, traffic congestion, segregation, environmental problems, culture, urban planning, gentrification, and urban sprawl.

  • GEOG399U Independent Study
  • GEOL322U The Global Impact of Climate Change
    Description

    Rapid climate change is causing an increase in the temperature of the atmosphere and oceans. This is a truly global problem that requires international research and collaboration to resolve. The USA is a major producer of the atmospheric "greenhouse" gases that make a significant contribution to this global "anthropogenic" warming. Students investigate the global environmental impact of anthropogenic climate change, explore the science that explains our observations, and are challenged to find solutions that offset the impact of climate change on poor, marginalized and at-risk communities around the world.

  • GEOL398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Rapid climate change is causing an increase in the temperature of the atmosphere and oceans. This is a truly global problem that requires international research and collaboration to resolve. The USA is a major producer of the atmospheric "greenhouse" gases that make a significant contribution to this global "anthropogenic" warming. Students investigate the global environmental impact of anthropogenic climate change, explore the science that explains our observations, and are challenged to find solutions that offset the impact of climate change on poor, marginalized and at-risk communities around the world.

  • GEOL399U Independent Study
    Description

    Rapid climate change is causing an increase in the temperature of the atmosphere and oceans. This is a truly global problem that requires international research and collaboration to resolve. The USA is a major producer of the atmospheric "greenhouse" gases that make a significant contribution to this global "anthropogenic" warming. Students investigate the global environmental impact of anthropogenic climate change, explore the science that explains our observations, and are challenged to find solutions that offset the impact of climate change on poor, marginalized and at-risk communities around the world.

  • GEOL522U Global Impact of Climate Change
    Description

    Rapid climate change is causing an increase in the temperature of the atmosphere and oceans. This is a truly global problem that requires international research and collaboration to resolve. The USA is a major producer of the atmospheric "greenhouse" gases that make a significant contribution to this global "anthropogenic" warming. The aim of this course is to introduce students to the global environmental impact of anthropogenic climate change, and to challenge students to think about the possible impact of the way we live in the USA on poor, marginalized and at risk communities around the world.

  • GEOL598U Selected Topics
    Description

    Rapid climate change is causing an increase in the temperature of the atmosphere and oceans. This is a truly global problem that requires international research and collaboration to resolve. The USA is a major producer of the atmospheric "greenhouse" gases that make a significant contribution to this global "anthropogenic" warming. The aim of this course is to introduce students to the global environmental impact of anthropogenic climate change, and to challenge students to think about the possible impact of the way we live in the USA on poor, marginalized and at risk communities around the world.

  • GEOL599U Independent Study
    Description

    Rapid climate change is causing an increase in the temperature of the atmosphere and oceans. This is a truly global problem that requires international research and collaboration to resolve. The USA is a major producer of the atmospheric "greenhouse" gases that make a significant contribution to this global "anthropogenic" warming. The aim of this course is to introduce students to the global environmental impact of anthropogenic climate change, and to challenge students to think about the possible impact of the way we live in the USA on poor, marginalized and at risk communities around the world.

  • GSCI301U The Role of Science and Technology in Shaping the Modern Era
    Description

    The opportunities and perils of scientific inquiry.

  • GSCI302U Great Ideas in Science
    Description

    This course is designed for non-science majors. The non-technical course integrates and focuses on major events of biology, chemistry, and physics that have shaped the course of science through the centuries. The idea behind each major advance is treated in its historic context, with special attention to its importance in mankind's understanding of the nature of the universe. Everyday examples will be incorporated in the course to help students understand the relationship between individuals and the natural world.

  • GSCI398U Selected Topics
    Description

    This course is designed for non-science majors. The non-technical course integrates and focuses on major events of biology, chemistry, and physics that have shaped the course of science through the centuries. The idea behind each major advance is treated in its historic context, with special attention to its importance in mankind's understanding of the nature of the universe. Everyday examples will be incorporated in the course to help students understand the relationship between individuals and the natural world.

  • GSCI399U Independent Study
  • HCA398U Selected Topics
  • HIST300U Women and the American Experience
    Description

    Survey of unique experience of women in history of U.S. from colonial times to present; attitudes held by and toward them; varied roles they have played in nation's development.

  • HIST301U Women in European Civilization
    Description

    In-depth study of place of women in European civilization and how ideas, institutions and practices of civilization determined and/or changed that place.

  • HIST305U Richmond Across the Centuries
    Description

    Survey of history of city of Richmond as it developed between 1660 and 1960.

  • HIST312U Great Issues in American History
    Description

    Introductory course explores three central issues in American history: revolution and formation of constitutional government, causes of Civil War and process of Reconstruction; and rise of United States to role of world power.

  • HIST315U Great Disasters and Their Impact in the History of the U.S.: 1861 to the Present
    Description

    Certain terrible catastrophes/disasters that America has suffered from 1861 to the present have had particularly strong influences on the nation. This course examines several such events, their impact, and how and why that impact took shape as it did. The role of presentation of the disasters through media, literature, government action, and especially the arts will be analyzed.

  • HIST320U Virginia History
    Description

    Social, cultural, and political history of Virginia from Colonial period to present.

  • HIST321U Moments in Time I: World History
    Description

    Using important events in world history, the course explores both content and method of historical study. Generally following the underlying teaching principle of the public radio program 'A Moment in Time' allows students to examine events in their historical context and take first steps toward becoming historians.

  • HIST322U Moments in Time II: History of the Americas
    Description

    Using important events in the history of the Americas, the course explores both content and method of historical study. Generally following the underlying teaching principle of the public radio program 'A Moment in Time' allows students to examine significant events in the Americas in their historical context.

  • HIST323U Westward Ho!
    Description

    Forging westward was part of American experience from colonial times. Examines causes, course, and results of drive West through events and developments including Lewis & Clark's Expedition, Manifest Destiny, Gold Rush, railway building, and conflict with Indian tribes. Popular literature on West and classic Westerns used to assess commonly held views of Americans on the Great West.

  • HIST329U Americans on the Move
    Description

    Course examines the patterns, meanings, causes and effects of migrations to and within America from the 17th century to the present. Among the topics covered are the 17th century European incursions into North America, the first westward movement in and from the Virginia colony, slavery and the Middle Passage, the great movement west following the Lewis and Clark expedition, the 'Trail of Tears,' the 'Great Migration' of African-Americans after the Civil War and in the 20th century, the displacement of Americans during the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression, the forced migration of Japanese Americans from their west coast homes during World War II, and the more recent movement of Americans to Sunbelt states, and as the result of natural disasters. The inspiration or other emotional impact of the arts -- plastic, literary, and performing -- on immigration and migration is an integral part of the course.

  • HIST330U Road to the Presidency
    Description

    The process of selecting an American president provides a window through which one can explore the political, social, cultural, and economic climate of the nation. By studying how the process was constructed and how that process has changed over time, in the context of specific noteworthy elections, memorable elements of the electoral process that have impacted presidential elections becomes apparent.

  • HIST337U Tudor England
    Description

    Political, institutional, social, and cultural study emphasizing reigns of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I.

  • HIST338U Stuart England
    Description

    Emphasis on conflict between Stuarts and Parliament. Cromwell and the Civil War, the Restoration and Revolutionary settlement.

  • HIST345U The History of Ideas
    Description

    Exploring the intellectual development within the western tradition.

  • HIST347U The Age of Jefferson
    Description

    Comprehensive study of life and times of Thomas Jefferson including historical perspective of him as statesman, politician, and writer as well as study of him as architect and planner. Includes field trips to Monticello, University of Virginia, and Virginia State Capitol.

  • HIST398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Comprehensive study of life and times of Thomas Jefferson including historical perspective of him as statesman, politician, and writer as well as study of him as architect and planner. Includes field trips to Monticello, University of Virginia, and Virginia State Capitol.

  • HIST399U Independent Study
    Description

    Comprehensive study of life and times of Thomas Jefferson including historical perspective of him as statesman, politician, and writer as well as study of him as architect and planner. Includes field trips to Monticello, University of Virginia, and Virginia State Capitol.

  • HIST515U Great Disasters and Their Impact in the History of the U.S.: 1861 to the Present
    Description

    Certain terrible catastrophes/disasters that America has suffered from 1861 to the present have had particularly strong influences on the nation. This course examines several such events, their impact, and how and why that impact took shape as it did. The role of presentation of the disasters through media, literature, government action, and especially the arts will be analyzed.

  • HIST522U Moments in Time II: History of the Americas
    Description

    Using important events in the history of the Americas, the course explores both content and method of historical study. Generally following the underlying teaching principle of the public radio program 'A Moment in Time' allows students to examine significant events in the Americas in their historical context.

  • HIST529U Americans on the Move
    Description

    Course examines the patterns, meanings, causes and effects of migrations to and within America from the 17th century to the present. Among the topics covered are the 17th century European incursions into North America, the first westward movement in and from the Virginia colony, slavery and the Middle Passage, the great movement west following the Lewis and Clark expedition, the 'Trail of Tears,' the 'Great Migration' of African-Americans after the Civil War and in the 20th century, the displacement of Americans during the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression, the forced migration of Japanese Americans from their west coast homes during World War II, and the more recent movement of Americans to Sunbelt states, and as the result of natural disasters. The inspiration or other emotional impact of the arts -- plastic, literary, and performing -- on immigration and migration is an integral part of the course.

  • HIST537U Tudor England
    Description

    Political, institutional, social and cultural study emphasizing the reigns of Henry VII and Elizabeth I.

  • HIST538U Stuart England
    Description

    Emphasis on conflict between Stuarts and Parliament, Cromwell and the Civil War, the Restoration and Revolutionary settlement.

  • HIST547U The Age of Jefferson
    Description

    Comprehensive study of the life and times of Thomas Jefferson, including historical perspective of Jefferson as statesman, politician, writer, architect and planner. Use of primary sources is emphasized in the course. Includes field trips to Monticello, University of Virginia, and Virginia State Capitol.

  • HIST548U Questions of Conscience: Teaching about the Holocaust and Genocide
    Description

    The course is designed to educate middle and high school teachers in Holocaust and genocide. It provides excellent tools necessary to teach such sensitive subjects to students. The course addresses many sections of the Virginia Standards of Learning for history, English, civics, economics, biology, art and music. Teachers will have the opportunity to delve into a wider range of topics, from the History of anti-Semitism, the Rise of Hitler and the Nazis, to Defining Genocide in the Contemporary Era.

  • HIST598U Selected Topics
    Description

    The course is designed to educate middle and high school teachers in Holocaust and genocide. It provides excellent tools necessary to teach such sensitive subjects to students. The course addresses many sections of the Virginia Standards of Learning for history, English, civics, economics, biology, art and music. Teachers will have the opportunity to delve into a wider range of topics, from the History of anti-Semitism, the Rise of Hitler and the Nazis, to Defining Genocide in the Contemporary Era.

  • HIST599U Independent Study
    Description

    The course is designed to educate middle and high school teachers in Holocaust and genocide. It provides excellent tools necessary to teach such sensitive subjects to students. The course addresses many sections of the Virginia Standards of Learning for history, English, civics, economics, biology, art and music. Teachers will have the opportunity to delve into a wider range of topics, from the History of anti-Semitism, the Rise of Hitler and the Nazis, to Defining Genocide in the Contemporary Era.

  • HUM300U Applied Ethics
    Description

    Examination of ethical choices, omissions, dilemmas and crises faced by individuals and organizations in the nonprofit, government, corporate, media, technology, environmental, and sports sectors. Use of ethics theories and the law as a framework to analyze case studies. This course will foster skills in ethical reasoning by encouraging students to analyze critically the consequences of individual and collective actions.

    Prerequisites

    ENGL 201U

  • HUM313U Career and Life Development
    Description

    Exploration of adult development and career topics to help students better understand how to successfully plan their lives. Focuses on stages of adulthood and transitions, skills assessments, career management strategies, life balance, and goal setting.

  • HUM346U The History of Human Expression
    Description

    Examination of the arts in their wide variety: visual, literary, plastic and melodic.

  • HUM398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Examination of the arts in their wide variety: visual, literary, plastic and melodic.

  • HUM399U Independent Study
    Description

    Examination of the arts in their wide variety: visual, literary, plastic and melodic.

  • HUM598U Selected Topics
    Description

    Examination of the arts in their wide variety: visual, literary, plastic and melodic.

  • HUM599U Independent Study
    Description

    Examination of the arts in their wide variety: visual, literary, plastic and melodic.

  • IDST301U The Realm of Ideas I: Context and Chronology
    Description

    An introduction to selected major ideas in ancient and modern world history, including philosophies, systems of belief, political ideologies, and concepts of social order; institutions through which the ideas have been manifested and implemented; methodologies used in the academic disciplines examined.

  • IDST302U The Realm of Ideas II: Self, Society and Science
    Description

    An introduction for liberal arts majors to important ideas in selected modern natural and social sciences, and methodologies used in their study and application.

  • IDST303U The Realm of Ideas III: Human Expression
    Description

    An introduction for Liberal Arts majors to important themes in selected significant movements in world literatures and arts; the methodologies used in their study and application.

  • IDST304U Understanding Culture and Language I
    Description

    An introduction for Liberal Arts majors to important themes in selected significant movements in world literatures and arts; the methodologies used in their study and application.

  • IDST305U Understanding Culture and Language II
    Description

    Understanding Language and Culture II is designed to offer students an examination of the importance of language as the most critical component of a peoples' common culture and the key to understanding it. In the context of our pluralistic American society and the rapid globalization taking place in today's world such understanding of the relationship between language and the perspectives, practices, and products of cultures is increasingly important politically, economically, and socially.

  • IDST306U Understanding Culture and Language
    Description

    Understanding Language and Culture is designed to offer students an examination of the importance of language as the most critical component of a peoples' common culture and the key to understanding it. In the context of our pluralistic American society and the rapid globalization taking place in today's world such understanding of the relationship between language and the perspectives, practices, and products of cultures is increasingly important politically, economically, and socially.

  • IDST310U The Examined Life
    Description

    Exploring human behavior and the uniqueness of the human condition.

  • IDST395U The Realm of Ideas IV: Capstone Seminar for Liberal Arts Majors
    Description

    The capstone seminar for the Liberal Arts major: The culminating academic experience for liberal arts majors; emphasis on demonstrating through a substantive paper understanding of the connections among the liberal arts; also emphasis on relevant experiential learning opportunities.

    Prerequisites

    IDST 303U

  • IDST398U Selected Topics
    Description

    The capstone seminar for the Liberal Arts major: The culminating academic experience for liberal arts majors; emphasis on demonstrating through a substantive paper understanding of the connections among the liberal arts; also emphasis on relevant experiential learning opportunities.

  • IDST399U Independent Study
  • IDST495U Capstone Course: Senior Seminar
    Description

    Capstone course for Weekend College.

  • IDST598U Selected Topics
    Description

    Capstone course for Weekend College.

  • IDST599U Independent Study
    Description

    Capstone course for Weekend College.

  • ISTY301U Understanding the Global Village
    Description

    Interdisciplinary course focusing on the trends in an increasingly interdependent yet fragmented world.

  • ISTY399U Independent Study
  • JOUR398U Selected Topics
  • JOUR399U Independent Study
  • LDSP200U Introduction to Leadership Studies
    Description

    Introduction to history and theory of leadership, to critical thinking and methods of inquiry as they bear on subject of leadership, to ethics of leadership, to basic leadership competencies, to relevant leadership contexts, and to leading groups and individuals.

  • LDSP278U Communication in Leadership
    Description

    Applied course to aid in the personal development of listening, writing, and speaking skills. Examination of leadership communication in organizational, group, and public contexts. Students will analyze their personal leadership styles and develop leadership communication skills through team projects and classroom exercises.

    Prerequisites

    LDSP 200U.

  • LDSP302U Leadership and Ethical Action and the Law
    Description

    Examines current ethical issues such as privacy, legal dilemmas, work place ethics, and trends in corporate and governmental ethics. Applied ethics course where students will attempt to resolve ethical dilemmas faced by leaders in specific situations common to various work place environments. Focus on understanding ethical meanings, contexts, paradigms, and models associated with executive decision making. Emphasizes critical thinking, and oral and written communication skills as students read, analyze, debate in small groups, and make formal presentations.

    Prerequisites

    LDSP 200U.

  • LDSP310U Leadership and Ethical Decision Making
    Description

    Role of leader in commerce and service is examined.

  • LDSP348U Leadership, Conflict Management and Group Dynamics
    Description

    Examines the factors that contribute to the performance of effective groups. This includes exploring the kinds of interactions and human experiences typical in organizations and groups, how those interactions and experiences can facilitate achieving collective ends, and how they can impede accomplishing those ends. In addition, the causes of conflict and conflict-resolution strategies are covered via experiential exercises and research projects.

    Prerequisites

    LDSP 200U.

  • LDSP358U Historical Perspective of Leadership
    Description

    Analyzes leadership through the centuries by examining well-known leaders throughout history. Discusses the evolution of leadership thought through the ages. In addition, the role of long-term social, political, economic forces will be examined. Emphasis will be on application to actual leaders within their respective contexts.

    Prerequisites

    LDSP 200U.

  • LDSP368U Leadership in the Global Environment
    Description

    Explores leadership within a global context weighing issues such as culture, laws, language, and other differences. This course provides practical insights into leadership in the global environment. Topics covered include an analysis of global leading across cultures in modern societies.

    Prerequisites

    ENGL 201U

  • LDSP398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Explores leadership within a global context weighing issues such as culture, laws, language, and other differences. This course provides practical insights into leadership in the global environment. Topics covered include an analysis of global leading across cultures in modern societies.

  • LDSP399U Independent Study
    Description

    Explores leadership within a global context weighing issues such as culture, laws, language, and other differences. This course provides practical insights into leadership in the global environment. Topics covered include an analysis of global leading across cultures in modern societies.

  • LDSP478U Strategic Thinking for Leaders
    Description

    Provides the necessary skills for the individual to begin thinking more strategically about their respective industries. This course provides an understanding of how strategic thinking relates to design, planning and implementation of strategies and tactics meant to accomplish the organization's goals and objectives.

    Prerequisites

    LDSP 200U.

  • LDSP499U Post-Baccalaureate Practicum
    Description

    This practicum is an integrated directed study in the subject of the certificate program. Under the supervision of a faculty member, students will explore a common theme present in three or more of their courses through preparation of either a professionally significant project or a major paper suitable for professional use under the supervision of a faculty member.

  • MATH103U Finite Mathematics
    Description

    Logical thinking and problem-solving using sets, logic, numeration and mathematical systems, real number system, algebra, counting methods.

    Prerequisites

    ENGL 201U (may be taken concurrently) or equivalent

  • MATH105U Foundations of Mathematics
    Description

    Fundamentals of algebraic and geometric methods supporting data analysis for decision-making in social sciences, life sciences, and business. Course builds on material presented in MATH 103U including algebra, geometry and basic statistics.

    Prerequisites

    MATH 103U or higher

  • MATH140U Algebra with Applications
    Description

    Sets, functions, exponents, logarithms, matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, inequalities, binomial theorems, sequences, series, complex numbers and linear programming.

    Prerequisites

    Departmental approval required.

  • MATH150U Pre-calculus and Trigonometry
    Description

    Concepts and applications of algebra and trigonometry. Topics include graphics, transformations and inverses of functions, linear, exponential, logarithmic, power, polynomial, rational and trigonometric functions.

    Prerequisites

    College algebra or departmental permission.

  • MATH265U Applied Statistics
    Description

    Fundamentals of statistical methods supporting data analysis for decision-making in social sciences, life sciences, and business. Descriptive statistics measuring central tendency and dispersion, basic probability, random variables, sampling distributions and statistical inference, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, regression and correlation.

    Prerequisites

    MATH 103U or higher recommended.

  • MATH270U Applied Calculus
    Description

    Course content includes limits, continuity, differentiation, partial differentiation and integration of single and multi-variable functions with applications to managerial, life and social sciences.

    Prerequisites

    Pre-calculus or permission of the instructor.

  • MATH300U Critical Thinking and Analysis
    Description

    Analysis of quantitative and qualitative data for decision-making in the business, law, governmental, and non-profit sectors. Application of common algebra, statistics, and basic calculus to solve common classes of problems.

    Prerequisites

    MATH 103U, Finite Mathematics, or college algebra or higher.

  • MATH307U Quantitative Methods in Social Science
    Description

    This course introduces the skills needed in order to analyze data pertaining to the HRM field such as retention patterns, compensation differences, performance measurements, etc. Topics covered will include descriptive statistics as well as regression and analysis of variance. Focus will be placed on finding answers to HRM questions and problems using a quantitative approach.

  • MATH398U Selected Topics
    Description

    This course introduces the skills needed in order to analyze data pertaining to the HRM field such as retention patterns, compensation differences, performance measurements, etc. Topics covered will include descriptive statistics as well as regression and analysis of variance. Focus will be placed on finding answers to HRM questions and problems using a quantitative approach.

  • MATH399U Independent Study
  • MGMT341U Principles of Management
    Description

    Fundamentals of management emphasizing application of scientific methods to solution of business problems; illustrations from various types of organizations, including manufacturing and service industries, government, charitable, and other social institutions.

  • MGMT342U Managing Business Processes
    Description

    Analysis, design, control, and improvement of business processes producing goods and services in business, legal, government, and non-profit organizations. Quantitative metrics and models to analyze operations, plan capacity, manage bottlenecks, and improve process flow rates for improved financial results. Cases and problems in process analysis, statistical process control, inventory, waiting lines, lean operations.

    Prerequisites

    MATH 103U (finite math) or higher.

  • MGMT345U Business Literacy
    Description

    Providing an overview of the issues facing those involved in domestic and international commerce.

  • MGMT398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Providing an overview of the issues facing those involved in domestic and international commerce.

  • MGMT399U Independent Study
    Description

    Providing an overview of the issues facing those involved in domestic and international commerce.

  • MKT321U Marketing
    Description

    Activities by which the planning and exchange of ideas, goods, and services are explained from inception to final consumption. Analysis of markets and their environments, development of marketing strategy, evaluation and control of marketing programs.

  • MKT398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Activities by which the planning and exchange of ideas, goods, and services are explained from inception to final consumption. Analysis of markets and their environments, development of marketing strategy, evaluation and control of marketing programs.

  • MKT399U Independent Study
  • MLA500U Research Methods
    Description

    This core course will provide an overview of modes of inquiry, analysis and research particular to at least two of the following fields of study: Historical Studies, Literary Studies, Social Analysis, and the Visual and Performing Arts. A special theme (which may vary from term to term) will provide focus for the practical application of these methodologies. It will also emphasize writing skills, relevant computer technologies and library use. Topics vary from semester to semester. This course may be repeated, with the approval of the Coordinator, for credit.

  • MLA506U Humanities Seminar
    Description

    An interdisciplinary graduate seminar in the humanities. Topics vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit.

  • MLA507U Social Sciences Seminar
    Description

    An interdisciplinary graduate seminar in the social sciences. Topics vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit.

  • MLA508U Science Seminar
    Description

    An interdisciplinary graduate seminar in science. Topics vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit.

  • MLA510U Great Trials in American History
    Description

    This class investigates the great trials of the American judicial system in an effort to explore the emergence of the current justice system, including the development of trial record keeping, strategy and skills; the effect of the contemporary culture on the outcome of trial proceedings; and the divisive impact of some trials on the population of the United States. We will observe the impact of child testimony, media influence, jury bias, political influence and religious beliefs in the courtroom. The course will also consider the great orators in American law and their influence on trial outcomes and the development of the justice system.

  • MLA550U History of IT
    Description

    The study of information technology from its earliest origins to present-day computer-based information technology systems. The types and evolution of methods of conveying information in all its forms will be covered. Lectures and group discussions will be used to provide opportunities for students to present their discoveries of various aspects of information technology from an historical perspective.

  • MLA570U Independent Research
    Description

    The study of information technology from its earliest origins to present-day computer-based information technology systems. The types and evolution of methods of conveying information in all its forms will be covered. Lectures and group discussions will be used to provide opportunities for students to present their discoveries of various aspects of information technology from an historical perspective.

  • MLA598U Selected Topics
    Description

    The study of information technology from its earliest origins to present-day computer-based information technology systems. The types and evolution of methods of conveying information in all its forms will be covered. Lectures and group discussions will be used to provide opportunities for students to present their discoveries of various aspects of information technology from an historical perspective.

  • MLA599U Seminar in Liberal Arts
    Description

    Discussion of selected readings designed to assist student's drawing meaningful closure to the MLA program. Each student will develop a final project growing out of theme, interest or topic that has served to integrate student's program. Sharing of preparation and results of the projects will be an essential component of the course.

  • MUS111U Appreciation of Music
    Description

    For general student. Introduction to listening; present-day repertory and its historical development.

  • MUS398U Selected Topics
    Description

    For general student. Introduction to listening; present-day repertory and its historical development.

  • MUS399U Independent Study
    Description

    For general student. Introduction to listening; present-day repertory and its historical development.

  • MUS598U Selected Topics
    Description

    For general student. Introduction to listening; present-day repertory and its historical development.

  • MUS599U Independent Study
    Description

    For general student. Introduction to listening; present-day repertory and its historical development.

  • PBAD338U Decision Making in Public Administration
    Description

    Assists student to recognize decision-making process in public management/administration and to develop techniques to ensure timely decisions with accountability for action. Emphasis on determining methods of controlling administrative decisions within an organization while fostering atmosphere that allows decision making at appropriate level of organization.

  • PBAD398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Assists student to recognize decision-making process in public management/administration and to develop techniques to ensure timely decisions with accountability for action. Emphasis on determining methods of controlling administrative decisions within an organization while fostering atmosphere that allows decision making at appropriate level of organization.

  • PBAD399U Independent Study
  • PBRL398U Selected Topics
  • PBRL399U Independent Study
  • PHIL302U Thinking About the Paranormal
    Description

    A recent Gallup Poll shows that about three in four Americans hold some paranormal belief - in at least one of the following: extrasensory perception, haunted houses, ghosts, mental telepathy, clairvoyance, astrology, communicating with the dead, witches, reincarnation, and channeling. How reasonable are these beliefs? Can they be supported or discounted via modern science or are they purely a matter of faith or personal opinion? What makes one belief or explanation more reasonable than another? Is it immoral to hold beliefs that are not supported by strong evidence? This course examines these and other questions.

  • PHIL303U Beyond Death
    Description

    Is there any evidence to support claims of life after death? This course will begin with a critical examination of some of the purported evidence, based on claims of: Reincarnation, Mediumship, and Near Death Experiences. Philosophical underpinnings of the question will also be studied: What could count as evidence of life after death? What specifically about ourselves do we believe (or want to believe) survives death? What is a human soul? Finally, an examination of the psychological and moral implications of the belief in life after death will be made: Is it necessary or helpful for alleviating anxiety concerning death? Is there anything morally wrong with maintaining beliefs that are not supported by empirical evidence? Is belief in immortality necessary for a meaningful life?

  • PHIL304U Asian Philosophy
    Description

    Introduces some of the methods, issues, and theories associated with major Asian philosophical religious systems, focusing on Hinduism, Early Buddhism, Taoism, and Zen Buddhism. Addresses issues such as the nature of the sacred; the relationship between the Sacred and the self, life and death, happiness and meaning; and morality. Compares and contrasts approaches and answers to these issues between these traditions, as well as between these systems and "Western" philosophy and religion.

  • PHIL305U The Problem of Evil
    Description

    Traditionally in western philosophy of religion, the problem of evil is the problem of reconciling the existence of evil (or suffering) in the world with the existence of an omniscient (all-knowing), omnipotent (all-powerful) and omnibenevolent (all-good) God. Proponents of the problem assert: if God exists and has all these attributes, then there would be no evil; yet evil (i.e., tremendous suffering) clearly exists. In this course, we will examine various versions of this problem as well as various traditional and contemporary responses to it. Moreover, since the problem of reconciling evil/suffering with a conception of "the Sacred" extends beyond monotheism, we will also examine approaches to this general and deep problem from other major world religions.

  • PHIL306U Religion and Science: Examining Big Questions
    Description

    Throughout history, humans have appealed to religion to understand the universe and our place in it. In the eyes of many, modern science has taken over this role. But, are science and religion locked in a mortal struggle, or are they completely separate domains of the human experience, or are there actually points of concordance between the two? This course examines the relationship between religion and science, exploring the apparent conflicts in their methodologies and answers to life's biggest questions, including: the origin of everything, the nature of the self, the prospects of life after death, the existence of nature of the "Sacred," the foundation of morals, the essence of a "meaningful life," and the role of faith and reason in our lives.

  • PHIL398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Throughout history, humans have appealed to religion to understand the universe and our place in it. In the eyes of many, modern science has taken over this role. But, are science and religion locked in a mortal struggle, or are they completely separate domains of the human experience, or are there actually points of concordance between the two? This course examines the relationship between religion and science, exploring the apparent conflicts in their methodologies and answers to life's biggest questions, including: the origin of everything, the nature of the self, the prospects of life after death, the existence of nature of the "Sacred," the foundation of morals, the essence of a "meaningful life," and the role of faith and reason in our lives.

  • PHIL502U Thinking About the Paranormal
    Description

    A recent Gallup Poll shows that about three in four Americans hold some paranormal belief - in at least one of the following: extrasensory perception, haunted houses, ghosts, mental telepathy, clairvoyance, astrology, communicating with the dead, witches, reincarnation, and channeling. How reasonable are these beliefs? Can they be supported or discounted via modern science or are they purely a matter of faith or personal opinion? What makes one belief or explanation more reasonable than another? Is it immoral to hold beliefs that are not supported by strong evidence? This course examines these and other questions.

  • PHIL503U Beyond Death
    Description

    Is there any evidence to support claims of life after death? This course will begin with a critical examination of some of the purported evidence, based on claims of: Reincarnation, Mediumship, and Near Death Experiences. Philosophical underpinnings of the question will also be studied: What could count as evidence of life after death? What specifically about ourselves do we believe (or want to believe) survives death? What is a human soul? Finally, an examination of the psychological and moral implications of the belief in life after death will be made: Is it necessary or helpful for alleviating anxiety concerning death? Is there anything morally wrong with maintaining beliefs that are not supported by empirical evidence? Is belief in immortality necessary for a meaningful life?

  • PHIL504U Asian Philosophy
    Description

    Introduces some of the methods, issues, and theories associated with major Asian philosophical religious systems, focusing on Hinduism, Early Buddhism, Taoism, and Zen Buddhism. Addresses issues such as the nature of the sacred; the relationship between the Sacred and the self, life and death, happiness and meaning; and morality. Compares and contrasts approaches and answers to these issues between these traditions, as well as between these systems and "Western" philosophy and religion.

  • PHIL505U The Problem of Evil
    Description

    Traditionally in western philosophy of religion, the problem of evil is the problem of reconciling the existence of evil (or suffering) in the world with the existence of an omniscient (all-knowing), omnipotent (all-powerful) and omnibenevolent (all-good) God. Proponents of the problem assert: if God exists and has all these attributes, then there would be no evil; yet evil (i.e., tremendous suffering) clearly exists. In this course, we will examine various versions of this problem as well as various traditional and contemporary responses to it. Moreover, since the problem of reconciling evil/suffering with a conception of "the Sacred" extends beyond monotheism, we will also examine approaches to this general and deep problem from other major world religions.

  • PHIL506U Religion and Science: Examining Big Questions
    Description

    Throughout history, humans have appealed to religion to understand the universe and our place in it. In the eyes of many, modern science has taken over this role. But, are science and religion locked in a mortal struggle, or are they completely separate domains of the human experience, or are there actually points of concordance between the two? This course examines the relationship between religion and science, exploring the apparent conflicts in their methodologies and answers to life's biggest questions, including: the origin of everything, the nature of the self, the prospects of life after death, the existence of nature of the "Sacred," the foundation of morals, the essence of a "meaningful life," and the role of faith and reason in our lives.

  • PHIL598U Selected Topics
    Description

    Throughout history, humans have appealed to religion to understand the universe and our place in it. In the eyes of many, modern science has taken over this role. But, are science and religion locked in a mortal struggle, or are they completely separate domains of the human experience, or are there actually points of concordance between the two? This course examines the relationship between religion and science, exploring the apparent conflicts in their methodologies and answers to life's biggest questions, including: the origin of everything, the nature of the self, the prospects of life after death, the existence of nature of the "Sacred," the foundation of morals, the essence of a "meaningful life," and the role of faith and reason in our lives.

  • PHIL599U Independent Study
    Description

    Throughout history, humans have appealed to religion to understand the universe and our place in it. In the eyes of many, modern science has taken over this role. But, are science and religion locked in a mortal struggle, or are they completely separate domains of the human experience, or are there actually points of concordance between the two? This course examines the relationship between religion and science, exploring the apparent conflicts in their methodologies and answers to life's biggest questions, including: the origin of everything, the nature of the self, the prospects of life after death, the existence of nature of the "Sacred," the foundation of morals, the essence of a "meaningful life," and the role of faith and reason in our lives.

  • PHYS398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Throughout history, humans have appealed to religion to understand the universe and our place in it. In the eyes of many, modern science has taken over this role. But, are science and religion locked in a mortal struggle, or are they completely separate domains of the human experience, or are there actually points of concordance between the two? This course examines the relationship between religion and science, exploring the apparent conflicts in their methodologies and answers to life's biggest questions, including: the origin of everything, the nature of the self, the prospects of life after death, the existence of nature of the "Sacred," the foundation of morals, the essence of a "meaningful life," and the role of faith and reason in our lives.

  • PLSC205U Introduction to American Government
    Description

    A multimedia, high-tech approach to the study of basic roles, structures, and functions of American political institutions; and introduction to American political process.

  • PLSC207U Virginia Government and Politics
    Description

    A multimedia, high-tech approach to the study of Virginia government at state, county, municipal, and special district levels emphasizing legislative, executive, and judicial organization; and state politics and intergovernmental relations.

  • PLSC301U The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship
    Description

    Exploring the history and importance of civic participation in the American tradition. Service learning component.

  • PLSC302U Modern Conservative Political Theory
    Description

    An examination of the concepts of modern conservative political philosophy, their importance and influence.

  • PLSC303U Metropolitan Problems and Politics
    Description

    Analysis of and practical involvement with major issues affecting metropolitan governments.

  • PLSC398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Analysis of and practical involvement with major issues affecting metropolitan governments.

  • PLSC399U Independent Study
    Description

    Analysis of and practical involvement with major issues affecting metropolitan governments.

  • PLSC598U Selected Topics
    Description

    Analysis of and practical involvement with major issues affecting metropolitan governments.

  • PLSC599U Independent Study
    Description

    Analysis of and practical involvement with major issues affecting metropolitan governments.

  • PSYC101U Introductory Psychology
    Description

    Scientific principles of behavior. Survey emphasizing psychological methods and research involved in understanding human behavior.

  • PSYC190U Child Psychology
    Description

    Introduction to biological, social, cognitive, and emotional processes of development during prenatal to preadolescent developmental periods.

  • PSYC302U Psychology of Terrorism
    Description

    In the past decade, terrorism has emerged as a dynamic force dramatically impacting individuals and social systems. During this course we will review the history of terrorism, seek to understand the radicalization of terrorists, investigate the immediate and long-term reactions to acts of terrorism and explore the social and psychological implications of the war on terrorism.

  • PSYC303U Psychology of Gender
    Description

    Overview of current theory and empirical research on gender, exploring origins of gender identity and impact of gender on systems, individuals, attitudes, and behavior.

  • PSYC304U Psychology of Relationships
    Description

    This course in social psychology is designed as an overview of the fundamental areas of the psychology of intimate and non-intimate relationships between people and the effects of these relationships on them. How and why are interpersonal relationships formed? What effects do they have on us? What do individuals do to relationships? Such questions will be explored in the course.

  • PSYC305U Stress and Its Management
    Description

    Physiological and psychological aspects of stressors and the stress response. Review of principles, research, and methods of stress management.

  • PSYC306U Benign Bigotry: Psychology of Subtle Prejudice
    Description

    Focuses on social problems concerning diversity and prejudices in today's society. Topics range from racism to gay rights, paying special attention to hostility, bigotry, and prejudice. Explores the feminist movement, racism, and the "neutrality zone," and zeroes in on perceptions of underground prejudice and internal conflicts. Differentiates between societal beliefs and misconceptions that contribute to human behaviors. Investigation includes current research and problems and challenges in today's society.

  • PSYC307U Psychology of Faith
    Description

    Study of reflections in faith, personal behavior, and social well-being. Topics include questions that college students encounter in basic psychology class. Is there a connection with faith psychology and other issues that have been taught? This class offers information concerning recent research within the major areas of psychological science and with the values of society. Investigations will be about the ideas of human nature and individual learning. Course will investigate behavior and attitudes and will look at science and spiritually. It will also identify major insights regarding human behavior and attitudes about positive belief systems and their individual intuition concerning their approach.

  • PSYC308U Psychology of Intuitive Development
    Description

    Intuition has remained an emerging cloud of mystery for centuries. Whether you have read about intuition from the earliest philosophers or the views of psychologists, it has still remained important in everyday decision making. If it is a gut feeling, a hunch or an inner knowing that can¿t be explained, this study of the intuitive ability encompasses intelligence and is being recognized as a perception within the body¿s psycho-physiological system. The psychology of intuitive development demonstrates the subconscious, or "heart intelligence" that can be cultivated and is essential for success in decision making, sensory and analytic process.

  • PSYC313U Social Psychology
    Description

    Critical overview of current theory and research in social psychology, with emphasis on conceptual and empirical work on social cognition, social influence, affective processes, attraction, altruism, aggression, and group dynamics.

  • PSYC327U Organizational Psychology
    Description

    Examination of industrial/organizational theories and psychological principles as applied to the workplace. Will examine job analysis, the screening, selection, training and development of employees, the performance appraisal process, motivation and job satisfaction, stress, leadership, and organizational development.

  • PSYC337U Psychological Development Across the Life Cycle
    Description

    Developmental changes and psycho-biosocial processes from adolescent through adult life.

  • PSYC338U Forensic Psychology
    Description

    Forensic Psychology is designed to give students an understanding of the interaction between our legal system and psychology. Roles and responsibilities of forensic psychologists will be examined. Topics covered will include criminal profiling with a focus on serial killers; the insanity defense; criminal competencies; child custody cases; eyewitness and expert testimonies; civil commitment for dangerous offenders; and victimization.

  • PSYC339U Abnormal Psychology
    Description

    Abnormal Psychology offers students an examination of theories and psychological principles underlying the study of abnormal psychology, the field, research methods, classification models, ethics and legal issues.

  • PSYC340U Getting Away with Murder
    Description

    Examines deception, manipulation, and malingering within the context of violent and anti-social acts. Emphasizes psychological, social, and biological factors associated with extreme violence among clinical and non-clinical (normal) populations. Explores development of criminal behavior and moral development. Introduces techniques for detecting deception and preventing manipulation.

  • PSYC398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Examines deception, manipulation, and malingering within the context of violent and anti-social acts. Emphasizes psychological, social, and biological factors associated with extreme violence among clinical and non-clinical (normal) populations. Explores development of criminal behavior and moral development. Introduces techniques for detecting deception and preventing manipulation.

  • PSYC399U Independent Study
  • PSYC502U Psychology of Terrorism
    Description

    In the past decade, terrorism has emerged as a dynamic force dramatically impacting individuals and social systems. During this course we will review the history of terrorism, seek to understand the radicalization of terrorists, investigate the immediate and long-term reactions to acts of terrorism and explore the social and psychological implications of the war on terrorism.

  • PSYC530U Organizational Psychology
    Description

    The Organizational Psychology class will allow students to gain a broad understanding of many areas critical to effective human resource management. Further, the graduate level course will allow an in-depth understanding of many social sciences grounded theories and practices as applied to the real world business setting. The course will help students when faced with real world decisions including: determining selection strategies and selecting valid tools, how to drive performance and development with a performance appraisal tool, how to assess needs and train for results, how to develop and select effective leaders, how to design teams and deal with conflict, how to impact morale through satisfaction and motivation strategies, and how to manage and cope with work-related stress. The ultimate intention of the course is to equip students with the knowledge and tools they will need to positively impact their organizations.

  • PSYC538U Forensic Psychology
    Description

    Forensic Psychology is designed to give students an understanding of the interaction between our legal system and psychology. Roles and responsibilities of forensic psychologists will be examined. Topics covered will include criminal profiling with a focus on serial killers; the insanity defense; criminal competencies; child custody cases; eyewitness and expert testimonies; civil commitment for dangerous offenders; and victimization. Graduate students will write an 8-10 page research paper on a controversial topic in forensic psychology and will develop and deliver a 15-30 minute presentation to the class on the research paper.

  • PSYC540U Getting Away with Murder
    Description

    Examines deception, manipulation, and malingering within the context of violent and anti-social acts. Emphasizes psychological, social, and biological factors associated with extreme violence among clinical and non-clinical (normal) populations. Explores development of criminal behavior and moral development. Introduces techniques for detecting deception and preventing manipulation.

  • PSYC598U Selected Topics
    Description

    Examines deception, manipulation, and malingering within the context of violent and anti-social acts. Emphasizes psychological, social, and biological factors associated with extreme violence among clinical and non-clinical (normal) populations. Explores development of criminal behavior and moral development. Introduces techniques for detecting deception and preventing manipulation.

  • PSYC599U Independent Study
    Description

    Examines deception, manipulation, and malingering within the context of violent and anti-social acts. Emphasizes psychological, social, and biological factors associated with extreme violence among clinical and non-clinical (normal) populations. Explores development of criminal behavior and moral development. Introduces techniques for detecting deception and preventing manipulation.

  • RELG200U Patterns in Religion
    Description

    Methodologies for study of religion, recurring themes and issues, religious expression in both individual and communal focus.

  • RELG301U The Bible as Literature
    Description

    An examination of the diverse genres of Biblical literature, viewing passages in historical context to understand the multiple layers of the intended message: period about which written, the time of the writer, and the time of the expected recipient. Within Biblical exegesis, primary emphasis is given to literary and historical criticism.

  • RELG398U Selected Topics
    Description

    An examination of the diverse genres of Biblical literature, viewing passages in historical context to understand the multiple layers of the intended message: period about which written, the time of the writer, and the time of the expected recipient. Within Biblical exegesis, primary emphasis is given to literary and historical criticism.

  • RELG399U Independent Study
    Description

    An examination of the diverse genres of Biblical literature, viewing passages in historical context to understand the multiple layers of the intended message: period about which written, the time of the writer, and the time of the expected recipient. Within Biblical exegesis, primary emphasis is given to literary and historical criticism.

  • RELG501U The Bible as Literature
    Description

    An examination of the diverse genres of Biblical literature, viewing passages in historical context to understand the multiple layers of the intended message: period about which written, the time of the writer, and the time of the expected recipient. Within Biblical exegesis, primary emphasis is given to literary and historical criticism.

  • RELG598U Selected Topics
    Description

    An examination of the diverse genres of Biblical literature, viewing passages in historical context to understand the multiple layers of the intended message: period about which written, the time of the writer, and the time of the expected recipient. Within Biblical exegesis, primary emphasis is given to literary and historical criticism.

  • RELG599U Independent Study
    Description

    An examination of the diverse genres of Biblical literature, viewing passages in historical context to understand the multiple layers of the intended message: period about which written, the time of the writer, and the time of the expected recipient. Within Biblical exegesis, primary emphasis is given to literary and historical criticism.

  • SOC101U Introduction to Sociology
    Description

    Fundamental concepts and principles of sociology; culture, socialization, social structure, stratification, social control, institutions, population, and social change.

  • SOC305U Deviance
    Description

    Social deviance at micro-sociological level, sociological explanations for and current methods of dealing with such behavior. Drug and alcohol abuse, sexual deviance, suicide, mental illness, and child and spouse abuse.

  • SOC309U Social Problems
    Description

    Personal-social disorganization and maladjustment: physical and mental handicaps; economic inadequacies; programs and methods of social treatment and control.

  • SOC310U Criminology
    Description

    Laws, prevalence and distribution of crime; theories of crime; types of criminal behavior; police actions; court actions; the penal system.

  • SOC316U Race and Ethnicity in America
    Description

    Native peoples; immigration and settlement of U.S.; racial and ethnic groups; prejudice and discrimination; race relations in racially and culturally diverse society.

    Prerequisites

    SOC 101U.

  • SOC398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Native peoples; immigration and settlement of U.S.; racial and ethnic groups; prejudice and discrimination; race relations in racially and culturally diverse society.

  • SOC399U Independent Study
  • SOC598U Selected Topics
  • SOC599U Independent Study
  • SPAN100U Practical Everyday Spanish
    Description

    Multifaceted course designed to appeal to individuals interested in using Spanish language for business or for travel.

  • SPCH101U Principles of Speech Communication
    Description

    Confidence in delivering public speeches. Logical structure of ideas, effective use of language, application of evidence to arguments. Classroom speeches and critiques.

  • SPCH105U Interpersonal Communication
    Description

    Analysis of complex and interacting factors that contribute to effective transmission of ideas; emphasis on understanding underlying principles.

  • SPCH206U Group Communication
    Description

    Modern theory and methodology; student participation in group discussion relating theory to specific communication problems.

  • SPCH222U Business and Professional Speech
    Description

    Making business presentation and giving corporate advocacy speech. Application to workplace of skills in listening, problem solving, interviewing, conducting meetings.

  • SPCH328U Gendered Relationships - An Overview
    Description

    Investigation of relatively informal interpersonal and social relationships between same and opposite genders in friendships, romantic relationships, families and the workplace. Central organizing theory base is that of interpersonal communication theory. Seminar style where student participation is maximized.

  • SPCH329U The Dark Side of Communication
    Description

    Relies on scholarly research to ignite discussion and debate on the value of the "dark side" paradigm, a metaphor used to examine immoral,abusive, dysfunctional, destructive and criminal dimensions of interpersonal communication. Topics include infidelity, bullying, intimate partner abuse, jealousy, stalking, child abuse, parent abuse, deception, and secrets.

  • SPCH340U Cross-Cultural Communications
    Description

    Studies dynamics of cross-cultural communication. Emphasis on familiarizing students with issues relating to diversity and improving student's skills in communication across cultural barriers.

  • SPCH398U Selected Topics
    Description

    Studies dynamics of cross-cultural communication. Emphasis on familiarizing students with issues relating to diversity and improving student's skills in communication across cultural barriers.

  • SPCH399U Independent Study
  • THTR398U Selected Topics
  • THTR399U Independent Study